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Computing

Hackers find way to access Gmail, Outlook, or Yahoo inbox

Iranian state-sponsored hackers have discovered ways to infiltrate the Gmail, Yahoo, and Outlook inboxes of at least two dozen high-profile users and download their content, according to a report from the Google Threat Analysis Group (TAG).

The government-backed group known as Charming Kitten originally developed a hacking tool called Hyperscape in 2020 and has used it to orchestrate the recent cyberattacks. TAG was able to get a hold of a version of this tool for analysis, TechRadar reported.

NurPhoto/Getty Images

Google explained that the attack works in a stealth fashion where there is no typical hacking ritual, such as tricking a user into downloading malware. Instead, hackers control the tool from their end, taking advantage of vulnerabilities, such as compromised account credentials or stolen session cookies, in order to access an account.

While this particular cyberattack may have been politically motivated, Google is clearly interested in how these vulnerabilities might be used by others in the future.

A recent report from Sophos details how cookie stealing is among the latest trends in cybercrime. Hackers use the method to bypass security measures such as multifactor authentication and access private databases.

In this case, once logged into the email account, hackers use the tool to trick the email service into thinking a browser is outdated, which then switches it to a basic HTML view. Then it changes the inbox language to English and opens emails individually to begin downloading them in a .eml format. The hackers then mark any opened emails as unread and delete any warning emails, set the inbox back to its original language, and exit.

Despite its seemingly smooth execution, Google has learned a lot about the cyberattacks and has notified all of the known accounts that were affected through its Government Backed Attacker Warnings. TAG has deciphered that the tool was written in .NET for Windows PCs and noted attacks might work differently in Yahoo and Outlook inboxes. At this time, the security group has only tested the tool in Gmail.

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Computing

How to find out what motherboard you have

Knowing how to find out what motherboard you have can be very useful. It’s an important piece of info you can use to look up potential upgrades, what connection support you have for new components, and much more.

Buying a new motherboard is easy: just look up the best motherboards and pick one of those. But if you need to know important information about your existing motherboard, you’ll need to know how to find out what it is. Follow these steps, and you’ll know all about your motherboard in no time.

How to find out what motherboard you have on PC

When your PC is up and running, and you’ve logged into the home screen, here’s where to go to find your motherboard information.

Step 1: Head to the Windows search bar and type, “system information.” When the System Information app appears in your results, select it.

Step 2: Look in the System Summary section to find the categories for either “BaseBoard” or “Motherboard.” Once you’ve found this section, look for the BaseBoard/Motherboard Version section, where you’ll see the detailed information you want.

Baseboard Information on a Surface.

Step 3: You may have noticed in our example, the Version section reads Not Available. If that happens, there’s something else you can try. Type “cmd” into the search bar to bring up the *Command Prompt *app, and select it.

Search for Command Prompt.

Step 4: Type in the command:

wmic baseboard get product, Manufacturer

Select Enter when you’re done. This should now bring up your motherboard model information.

Step 5: If the Command Prompt option fails too, you can try to find out more with an identification tool. These tools aren’t always accurate, but they are much better than just guessing and can provide a wealth of information about your computer. The CPU-Z tool is a popular, free option you can quickly download here.

The CPU-Z Homepage.

How to find out what motherboard you have on a Mac

Macs don’t technically have motherboards, they have a similar component called a “logic board” that fulfills the same role. The problem is that logic board part information isn’t easy to find, and there aren’t any reliable tools like CPU-Z that you can download to locate it. But there are still a few tricks you can try.

Step 1: If you have a MacBook, you can look up your serial number and visit Powerbook Medic to find a list of all MacBooks and their related logic board numbers. While you can search for desktop models like iMacs and Mac Minis on Powerbook Medic, their collection of information isn’t quite as broad for these models and you may not be able to find information about your logic board.

PowerBook Medic MacBook Parts.

Step 2: If nothing is working, you can always call an Apple Store and ask them directly if they can look up your logic board information for you. They may be able to help or recommend a supplier if you are looking to get a replacement.

If you’d like to learn even more about your computer’s components, you might want to read our guide on how to build a PC. Or, if you’re having problems putting together your PC, we have some troubleshooting tips that you might like.

Editors’ Choice




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Computing

How to find a Wi-Fi password on Mac

Need to review your Wi-Fi password on a Mac? It happens to all of us. Sometimes you need to check up on a Wi-Fi password to share it with a friend, or you want to make sure that your security habits are up to standard with a strong password. With today’s plentiful autofill logins, it may have been a long time since you even thought about your Wi-Fi login info, or you may need to retrieve a past Wi-Fi password you used at a certain location but cannot retrieve right now.

Don’t worry – even if you don’t remember your password or aren’t quite sure where you wrote it down, you can still find it using MacOS.

Find your Wi-Fi password using MacOS Keychain Access

Macs have a useful app called Keychain Access, which helps safely store the passwords that you’ve been using on MacOS for a moment just like this. The easiest way to find your Wi-Fi password is to check Keychain Access and see what it has to say. Here’s how to find and navigate this app.

Step 1: Select the Magnifying glass in the top right of your MacOS home screen to open up Spotlight search. Type in “keychain,” and the option to choose Keychain Access should appear. Select it.

Step 2: When the Keychain Access app opens, look at the menu on the left side. Check that you are in the System section. Now check the tabs on the top, and select Passwords to continue.

Step 3: You should now see a list of the passwords your system has accumulated over time, primarily Wi-Fi networks it has connected with in the past. Keep in mind that this list is synced up with your other Apple devices like your iPhone, so there’s a good chance that you’ll see a whole lot of Wi-Fi network passwords here, including those from your friends’ homes, your favorite cafes, recent business trips, and so on

Finding Your Wi-Fi in Keychain Access.

Step 4: Locate the Wi-Fi network you have in mind. If you don’t quite remember the full name of your current Wi-Fi network, you can hop over to the Wi-Fi signal icon in the upper-right corner of your MacOS screen and select it to see what you are currently connected to. You can also see the date for the last time the Wi-Fi login was modified. Select the network you want.

Step 5: A new window will open, showing the details of this Wi-Fi network. Look at the bottom of the window, and you’ll see an option to Show password. Check this to enable the function.

Show Password in Keychain Access.

Step 6: You’ll now need to enter your administrator login password to see the Wi-Fi password. If this is your personal Mac, this shouldn’t be a problem — your normal login should work. If you don’t have admin access, you won’t be able to see the password, so this method won’t work with work devices.

Step 7: With admin access granted, you’ll now see the Wi-Fi password for the network you chose. Note that this window also allows you to change the password to what you want and select Save changes afterward. This is useful if you want to improve the security of your Wi-Fi account, or if one of your favorite haunts recently changed their Wi-Fi and you want to make sure your Apple devices stay current to log in automatically.

Remember, if you use a Wi-Fi app to manage your router, you will also be able to find your personal Wi-Fi password there. If you want an alternative to Keychain Access that will keep your passwords safe, you may want to choose a password manager to help you keep track of everything.

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Computing

This Asus laptop for $150 is the best laptop deal you’ll find today

If you’re in the market for an affordable, go-anywhere computing device, Best Buy has a great deal on an Asus 14-inch laptop right now. Currently you can save $110 on the Asus R410 Laptop, which brings its price down to a super affordable $150. Any laptop for $150 is one of the best laptop deals you’ll come across, and this Asus 14-inch laptop is no slouch when it comes to performance and capability. Read on for more details on this steal of a laptop deal.

Maybe you are a student looking for the best laptops for college, or you have professional computing needs and don’t want to break the bank. But whatever the case may be, this Asus 14-inch laptop is a solid option. It’s a perfect device for users whose primary work consists of creating professional documents and spreadsheets, but it’s also great for taking notes in class, enjoying a movie on the couch, and creating content for a blog or website. In fact, as spec’d for this deal, it has an Intel Celeron processor and 4GB of RAM, as well as lightning-fast 128GB of storage that shortens load times and offers plenty of space for your favorite apps.

When it comes to actually working on the Asus 14-inch laptop, the HD display boasts an impressive color range and presents everything you’re doing in stunning clarity. An energy-efficient LED backlight keeps your work bright without causing too much battery drain. Speaking of battery life, the Asus 14-inch laptop is able to reach up to 12 hours on a single charge, making it a great consideration if you do lots of work on the go and don’t have easy access to an outlet throughout the work day. It has an HD webcam for keeping in touch with friends and family, or for keeping in touch with colleagues and collaborators as well, putting it in with the likes of the best laptops for videoconferencing.

For just $150 you can bring a capable laptop into your digital workflow. While it typically costs $260, the Asus 14-inch laptop is seeing a $110 discount at Best Buy right now. Free shipping is included, and in most areas you can even pick it up in-store within an hour.

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Security

Researchers find new vulnerability with Apple Silicon chips

Researchers have released details of an Apple Silicon vulnerability dubbed “Augury.” However, it doesn’t seem to be a huge issue at the moment.

Jose Rodrigo Sanchez Vicarte from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Michael Flanders of the University of Washington published their findings of a flaw within Apple Silicon. The vulnerability itself is due to a flaw in Apple’s implementation of the Data-Memory Dependent Prefetcher (DMP).

In short, a DMP looks at memory to determine what content to “prefetch” for the CPU. The researchers found that Apple’s M1, M1 Max, and A14 chips used an “array of pointers” pattern that loops through an array and dereferences the contents.

This could possibly leak data that’s not read because it gets dereferenced by the prefetcher. Apple’s implementation is different from a traditional prefetcher as explained by the paper.

“Once it has seen *arr[0] … *arr[2] occur (even speculatively!) it will begin prefetching *arr[3] onward. That is, it will first prefetch ahead the contents of arr and then dereference those contents. In contrast, a conventional prefetcher would not perform the second step/dereference operation.”

Because the CPU cores never read the data, defenses that try to track access to the data don’t work against the Augery vulnerability.

David Kohlbrenner, assistant professor at the University of Washington, downplayed the impact of Augery, noting that Apple’s DMP “is about the weakest DMP an attacker can get.”

The good news here is that this is about the weakest DMP an attacker can get. It only prefetches when content is a valid virtual address, and has number of odd limitations. We show this can be used to leak pointers and break ASLR.

We believe there are better attacks possible.

— David Kohlbrenner (@dkohlbre) April 29, 2022

For now, researchers say that only the pointers can be accessed and even then via the research sandbox environment used to research the vulnerability. Apple was also notified about the vulnerability before the public disclosure, so a patch is likely incoming soon.

Apple issued a March 2022 patch for MacOS Monterey that fixed some nasty Bluetooth and display bugs. It also patched two vulnerabilities that allowed an application to execute code with kernel-level privileges.

Other critical fixes to Apple’s desktop operating system include one that patched a vulnerability that exposed browsing data in the Safari browser.

Finding bugs in Apple’s hardware can sometimes net a pretty profit. A Ph.D. student from Georgia Tech found a major vulnerability that allowed unauthorized access to the webcam. Apple handsomely rewarded him about $100,000 for his efforts.

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Game

Far Cry 6 Supremo Backpack Guide: All Backpack Abilities and Where to Find Them

You can play stealthy, guns blazing, or some combination of the two in Far Cry 6. The open-world nature of the game lets you tackle objectives as you see fit, so long as it involves killing everyone in your path, that is. To facilitate this mass carnage, all in the name of freeing Yara from the clutches of an evil dictator mind you, you will be given many tools of destruction and mayhem. Guns will be your standard, faithful method for dishing out justice, but they’re far from your only option. A new tool that Far Cry 6’s protagonist has access to almost right away is the Supremo Backpack, which can instantly turn the tides of a firefight in your favor.

Supremo Backpacks come in many different forms, seven to be exact, and each has its own ability. Some are more offensive-focused, while others have more support or situational uses, but all are very powerful and worth collecting. Each ability has a meter that must be charged to use it, either by waiting or filling it up faster by getting kills with your traditional weaponry. You will be given one automatically, but the rest have to be unlocked and purchased. The only exception is the final Supremo, which you need to go out of your way to find. If you want to be fully equipped to face the Yaran military forces, follow our guide here on all the Supremo Backpack abilities and how to get them in Far Cry 6.

Further reading

Exterminador

You will automatically be given this Supremo Backpack as your first one during the early main missions of Far Cry 6 called Du or Die. Once you get it, you may be tempted to never even bother looking into getting another because of how cool, and useful, it is. The Exterminador’s ability is called Armageddon Strike and is just as devastating as it sounds. When activated, your backpack will shoot out a flurry of missiles into the air that automatically track nearby hostiles ahead of you and blow them to smithereens. These missiles are great for just about everything, from regular soldiers to land- and air-based vehicles.

Fantasma

Looking at the Fantasma Supremo backpack.

The next available Supremo you can unlock is the Fantasma. As long as you have enough depleted uranium, you can buy this second Supremo as soon as you want from Juan or any of his merchants. This backpack’s unique ability is called Venom Salvo. Can you guess what this one might do? If you thought it would launch a giant gas grenade, you’d be correct. Just like poison bullets, anyone who is in range of this gas’s area of effect will become confused and start attacking their allies. From there, you’re free to waltz on by, or take advantage of the chaos and wipe out a base with ease.

Obviously, the Fantasma is only going to be useful against ground troops, and not so much against vehicles.

Volta

Looking at the Volta Supremo backpack.

The Volta is another Supremo you can purchase as early as you are able to afford it from Juan or his men. Like the Fantasma to some extent, this is a great backpack to equip if you like to play with more of a stealth focus in Far Cry 6. What the Volta can do is called the El Impulso. You could probably guess, even without knowing Spanish, that this is an EMP-type ability. When activated, your Supremo will send out an electronic-busting blast that will instantly shut down all security systems in the area, disable vehicles for an easy hijack, and even knock over foot soldiers.

Furioso

Using a Supremo to jetpack through the air.

The first Supremo Backpack that has a requirement to get, aside from purchasing it with depleted uranium of course, is the Furioso. To open this pack up for purchase, you will need to just hit rank 3, so not too much of a grind. Once equipped, you will get the Fuego Loco ability. This is a very unique skill as it first shoots out a ring of fire ahead of you, incinerating anyone and anything in its path, but it also has a second function. If you jump while activated, you gain something of a double jump or air dash where you will be launched forward to help reposition yourself on the battlefield.

Medico

Looking at the Medico Supremo backpack.

Next up, the Medico will unlock in Juan’s shop as soon as you hit rank 4 in Far Cry 6. Again, the name somewhat gives away what this Supremo has in store. Called Zona Medicina, this pack’s ability is a fully support- and survival-focused skill. It has a few functions to note. First is that it gives you a self-revive, but also gives you and any allies, NPC or co-op, passive health regeneration. This makes it a great addition to mix and match with your co-op partner to keep each other alive in dangerous situations.

Gladiador

Dani injecting herself with her Supremo.

Keeping with the trend, rank up one more time to 5 and you can purchase the Gladiador Supremo Backpack. We’re back to a more combat- and damage-dealing type with this backpack. The ability is called Juice Injector and will give your character buffs to just about every stat you’d want in a fight. Your health and speed are both pushed to the max, and it makes every melee strike a deadly machete attack. You’re not invincible in this state, but you will probably feel like you are.

Triador

Seeing an enemy highlighted through a wall.

Finally, we have the Triador. This is the only Supremo Backpack that isn’t obtained through Juan’s shop or automatically given to you. You’ll need to do a little extra exploring and questing to get your hands on it, but boy is it worth the effort. To find this very powerful pack, you will have to complete the Triada Blessings Yaran Story side quest chain. This is also how you get one of the Amigos and the unique La Varita Rifle, so there’s even more incentive to tackle these optional missions. These quests start at the Oluwa Cave, which will take you all across the entire map of Yara.

Manage to grab this final Supremo Backpack and you will get access to the Truesight ability. Switch this bad boy on and it will highlight all enemy outlines, even if they’re behind walls or cover. And, while it’s at it, they’ll become marked as well. Whether you want to be stealthy or go full-on assault mode, being able to see every enemy in a base, regardless of if they’re actually visible or not, is an amazing advantage.

One final little bonus for getting all seven Supremo Backpacks is that you will unlock the Backpacking trophy or achievement.

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Game

Death’s Door: How to Find All Shrine Locations

As what is essentially the grim reaper, your little crow is going to be facing a lot of resistance in trying to escort the souls of the dead for the Ministry of Death when you’re sent to the land where not even death has power. This world of Death’s Door is full of strange and bizarre characters. A few are friendly, but most are looking to make sure you never collect another soul again. Your little crow is a fragile creature, with only a handful of weapons, some magic, and your own skill in dodging and attacking to keep them alive.

Thankfully, Death’s Door is a light RPG, which, in this case, means you can improve your base stats to help overcome the intense boss battles that await you. Instead of just getting stronger by earning XP by killing normal foes, you can only improve certain attributes by exploring the world and encountering special Crystal Shrines. There are a total of 16 shrines spread across the world, and they are split into two categories depending on what they do. The more of them you’re able to discover, the better chance you’ll have at surviving this deathly ordeal. Here are all the shrine locations in Death’s Door.

Further reading

What are the Crystal Shrines, and what do they do?

The two types of Crystal Shrines have similar appearances. These are giant, stone bird faces or something resembling a bird’s face with glowing eyes. As we mentioned, the 16 shrines you can find are broken up into two types: Green and pink shrines. Green shrines are the Vitality Crystal shrines, which will increase your health bar once you’ve collected four. Pink Crystals, again, once you have four, will increase your soul power, which is, of course, used for your bow, magic, and bombs as well. Doing some quick math, you can get an extra two notches to your HP and magic bars by finding every shrine hidden in the game.

All Vitality Crystal Shrines

Here’s the location for every Vitality Crystal Shrine.

Lost Cemetery shrines

There are two vitality shrines you can find in the Lost Cemetery zone. The first one you can get to from the Lost Cemetery door. Head south from the door, and use the ladders that take you up along the east side of the castle. Follow this path to the south until you hit an elevator you can ride, at which point, go left around the building and jump down the ledge. Enter the door to find your first shrine.

The second shrine in the Lost Cemetery can’t be reached until you’ve unlocked the Hookshot item. Once you’ve obtained it, head through the Grove of Spirits to the door that leads into the Lost Cemetery and use the Hookshot to traverse a pit to the north. Simply continue on this road until you hit the next shrine.

Estate of the Urn Witch shrine

Before going for this shrine, make sure you’ve unlocked the Fireball spell. From the Ceramic Manor, go southeast to the area where you had to fight a bunch of waves of mobs after the battle with the Black Iron Knight. Notice the four pots in the area, and hit each one with a fireball to light them. This will make a bridge appear that you can cross to an island with a hole you can drop down to find this next shrine.

Urn Witch’s Laboratory shrine

You’ll need your trusty bow for this next shrine. Start at the Inner Furnace Door and backtrack into the laboratory. Find the square platform with the docking points for the Bull Platform and shoot an arrow northeast to make the bull come in. Ride it back in the same direction it came from, and you can reach this shrine.

Overgrown Ruins shrine

Make your way to the Village in Overgrown Ruins and travel to the northeast and then turn west to find a grate you can go through. Simply follow this path right to this easy shrine.

Mushroom Dungeon shrine

Get your bombs ready for this shrine. In the Mushroom Dungeon, return to the flooded room where you were ambushed by waves of enemies. If you noticed the bomb-able wall here the first time, great. If not, it’s on the north side of this room. Blast it open, and use your fireball to light the torches inside to reveal the shrine.

Stranded Sailor shrine

This is another shrine you’ll need to have the Hookshot for. Go northwest from the Stranded Sailor Door to reach the docks. Use your Hookshot to cross over them, dealing with the enemies on the way to unlock a door to the north. Inside is this shrine.

Village of the Crows shrine

The final Vitality Crystal Shrine is in the Village of the Crows, which you should enter via the Old Watchtower Door. After exiting the elevator, you will see the sign pointing you toward the Frozen Canyon. Follow the sign, and you will encounter a timed platforming challenge. Manage to beat it, and the last shrine is yours.

All Magic Crystal Shrines

The crow standing outside a small house.

Next up, we’ll cover all eight Magical Crystal Shrines to give you more magic and ranged ammo.

Lost Cemetery shrine

Take your bombs to the northwest area of the Lost Cemetery, just before the caves that would take you to the Stranded Sailor. Take the smaller path to the left to a wall you can blow open. Enter the cave, and you’ll get your first magic shrine.

Estate of the Urn Witch shrine

Starting out at the Ceramic Manor’s front door, head west to a lone tree with some bushes to the north. Squeeze through a passage in the bushes to the hidden area with this shrine in it.

Ceramic Manor shrine

Again at the manor, only this time inside, go to the north side and find the bathroom where there are two invisible pots you can spot based on the reflections on the floor. Break them to reveal a door that will take your right to the shrine.

Overgrown Ruin shrines

Make your way to the village area, go west as far as you can, and find a small gap in the wall. It’s hidden, but once you squeeze through, you can drop down a small gap right to this shrine.

Flooded Fortress shrine

Have your bow and arrows ready at the entrance to the Flooded Fortress, where you encounter the moving platforms. Look for the doorway to the northeast from here and fire an arrow into it. This will cause new platforms to appear you can use to access a new area with this shrine.

Stranded Sailor shrine

After going through the Stranded Sailor door, head west up some stairs to the stone tower and break some icicles in your path to continue around the backside. Go down the ladder, then use your drop attack to break through a sewer cap. Head into the open hole, follow the pipe and hit up this shrine.

Castle Lockstone shrine

The final shrine is in Castle Lockstone. From the door, go west to the room with a ladder in it. You will have to smash some ice with your sword to access the ladder. Continue west, dropping down, to the room with a series of Hookshot targets, but look for the hole in the wall that is key-shaped and make your way over to it. Pull the lever beside it to open a gate on the other side of the room. Now, use your Hookshot to get over there and access your final magic shrine.

If you’ve gotten them all up to this point, your crow will be as powerful as they can get in Death’s Door. 

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AI

How NASA is using knowledge graphs to find talent

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One of NASA’s biggest challenges is identifying where data science skills reside within the organization. Not only is data science a new discipline – it’s also a fast-evolving one. Knowledge for each role is constantly shifting due to technological and business demands.

That’s where David Meza, acting branch chief of people analytics and senior data scientist at NASA, believes graph technology can help. His team is building a talent mapping database using Neo4j technology to build a knowledge graph to show the relationships between people, skills, and projects.

Meza and his team are currently working on the implementation phase of the project. They eventually plan to formalize the end user application and create an interface to help people in NASA search for talent and job opportunities. Meza told VentureBeat more about the project.

VentureBeat: What’s the broad aim of this data led project?

David Meza: It’s about taking a look at how we can identify the skills, knowledge and abilities, tasks, and technology within an occupation or a work role. How do we translate that to an employee? How do we connect it to their training? And how do we connect that back to projects and programs? All of that work is a relationship issue that can be connected via certain elements that associate all of them together – and that’s where the graph comes in.

VentureBeat: Why did you decide to go with Neo4j rather than develop internally?

Meza: I think there was really nothing out there that provided what we were looking for, so that’s part of it. The other part of the process is that we have specific information that we’re looking for. It’s not very general. And so we needed to build something that was more geared towards our concepts, our thoughts, and our needs for very specific things that we do at NASA around spaceflights, operations, and things like that.

VentureBeat: What’s the timeline for the introduction of Neo4j?

Meza: We’re still in the implementation phase. The first six to eight months was about research and development and making sure we had the right access to the data. Like any other project, that’s probably our most difficult task – making sure we have the right access, the right information and thinking about how everything is related. While we were looking at that, we also worked in parallel on other issues: what’s the model going to look like, what algorithms are we going to use, and how are we going to train these models? We’ve got the data in the graph system now and we’re starting to produce a beta phase of an application. This summer through the end of the year, we’re looking towards formalizing that application to make it more of an interface that an end user can use.

VentureBeat: What’s been the technical process behind the implementation of Neo4j?

Meza: The first part was trying to think about what’s going to be our occupational taxonomy. We looked at: “How do we identify an occupation? What is the DNA of an occupation?” And similarly, we looked at that from an employee perspective, from a training perspective, and from a program or project perspective. So simply put, we broke everything down into three different categories for each occupation: a piece of knowledge, a skill, and a task.

VentureBeat: How are you using those categories to build a data model?

Meza: If you can start identifying people that have great knowledge in natural language processing, for example, and the skills they need to do a task, then from an occupation standpoint you can say that specific workers need particular skills and abilities. Fortunately, there’s a database from the Department of Labor called O*NET, which has details on hundreds of occupations and their elements. Those elements consist of knowledge, skills, abilities, tasks, workforce characteristics, licensing, and education. So that was the basis for our Neo4j graph database. We then did the same thing with training. Within training, you’re going to learn a piece of knowledge; to learn that piece of knowledge, you’re going to get a skill; and to get that skill, you’re going to do exercises or tasks to get proficient in those skills. And it’s similar for programs: we can connect back to what knowledge, skills, and tasks a person needs for each project.

VentureBeat: How will you train the model over time?

Meza: We’ve started looking at NASA-specific competencies and work roles to assign those to employees. Our next phase is to have employees validate and verify that the associated case — around knowledge, skills, abilities, tasks, and technologies — that what we infer based on the model is either correct or incorrect. Then, we’ll use that feedback to train the model so it can do a little bit better. That’s what we’re hoping to do over the next few months.

VentureBeat: What will this approach mean for identifying talent at NASA?

Meza: I think it will give the employees an opportunity to see what’s out there that may interest them to further their career. If they want to do a career change, for example, they can see where they are in that process. But I also think it will help us align our people better across our organization, and we will help track and maybe predict where we might be losing skills, where we maybe need to modify skills based on the shifting of our programs and the shifting of our mission due to administration changes. So I think it’ll make us a little bit more agile and it will be easier to move our workforce.

VentureBeat: Do you have any other best practice lessons for implementing Neo4j?

Meza: I guess the biggest lesson that I’ve learned over this time is to identify as many data sources that can help you provide some of the information. Start small – you don’t need to know everything right away. When I look at knowledge graphs and graph databases, the beauty is that you can add and remove information fairly easily compared to a relational database system, where you have to know the schema upfront. Within a graph database or knowledge graph, you can easily add information as you get it without messing up your schema or your data model. Adding more information just enhances your model. So start small, but think big in terms of what you’re trying to do. Look at how you can develop relationships, and try to identify even latent relationships across your graphs based on the information you have about those data sources.

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Game

Find Every Empty Bottle in Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword HD

In most games, an empty bottle isn’t an item worth getting excited over. In fact, most games don’t even qualify them as items and just have them scattered around as decorations or things to break. The Zelda franchise, however, has always put a strange level of importance on these simple objects. They are always found in limited numbers and can do things no other items in the game can. As powerful a tool as they are, especially in The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword HD, collecting them all isn’t an easy task.

There are a mere five empty bottles you can obtain throughout the world of The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword HDThey will take up a slot in your Adventure Pouch, but that is a slot well worth sacrificing for all these bottles can do. From holding a spare fairy and all the various potion types to quest items, you’ll never regret packing an extra bottle. Some will require you to meet certain requirements, such as obtaining other items or completing quests. If you’re stuck trying to locate any of the empty bottles on your adventures, here’s where you can find them all in The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword HD.

Note: Slight spoilers ahead on plot points that trigger when some bottles become available.

Further reading

Empty bottle 1

The first empty bottle you can get is right at home in Skyloft, but only after Zelda has gone missing. Once this happens, take a detour to the Bazaar potion shop and talk to the owner, Luv. She will remark that you don’t have a bottle to hold any potions in and give you your first empty bottle for free.

Empty bottle 2

Later on in the game, once you’re exploring the Sealed Temple, you will come across an old woman in a room with some pots and a treasure chest. Obviously, you don’t need us to tell you that opening the chest is a good idea. Inside, you’ll get a revitalizing potion. Once you’ve used the potion, you’ll hang on to the empty bottle.

Empty bottle 3

From here on, getting the rest of the empty bottles will be a little more complicated. First, head to the Plaza in Skyloft where the Light Tower is, and look for Parrow roaming around the area. Speak to him, and he’ll tell you he’s looking for his lost sister, Orielle, who was supposedly going toward a colorful island to the southwest. This will begin the Orielle side quest.

First, take to the sky on your Loftwing and head southwest. On your map, you can spot the colorful island that Orielle was apparently going to, called Fun Fun Island. However, this isn’t where you’ll find her. Instead, look just to the east of Fun Fun Island for a much smaller island and head there. This is where you can find Orielle, who is stuck here because her Loftwing has been injured and is unable to fly. She’ll ask you to bring her some medicine to heal her Loftwing so she can get back home.

Fly back to Skyloft and to the Plaza to let Parrow know you found his sister. He’ll provide you with some Mushroom Spores to heal her Loftwing. Once you’ve used the spores, the bottle will be yours to keep!

Empty bottle 4

Link fighting two Bokoblins in a temple.

This bottle is inside the Fire Sanctuary and will require the Mogma Mitts to uncover. With this item, go back to the first room where you fought Magmanos, the enemies that look like hands made of fire and lava, and use the mitts to dig through into an area with a water plant. Use this water plant to deal with the Magmanos, which will open up a new passageway that leads right to a chest holding the fourth empty bottle.

Empty bottle 5

This final empty bottle is found via accessing a specific Goddess Cube and then opening the chest it reveals. You will need to be able to access the Thunderhead area of the map as well. The Goddess Cube is also inside the Fire Sanctuary, or rather the cave you pass through leading to it, in the room that takes you to the Fire Dragon. During the part of the quest where you need to reach the Fire Dragon, a platform will appear in the air. Make your way up, and use a Skyward Strike to activate the cube.

Now head to the western side of Thunderhead and find the chest on an island protected by some bars. You can use your Mogma Mitts to dig down through a dig spot above the chest, which you can reach via some vines that you can climb up to the chest itself. Open up the chest, and claim your fifth and final empty bottle.

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Fortnite Inflate-A-Bull: Where to find and how to use the disguise

More than two weeks after we first learned about the new consumable, Epic has officially updated Fortnite with a new item called Inflate-A-Bull. The consumable item looks the way we expected based on past leaks: like an inflatable bull costume. Beyond that, Epic has finally confirmed the purpose of this new item.

Inflate-A-Bull is, Epic says, a cow disguise made by the game’s fictional Imagined Order in order to “surprise attack” the alien invaders. The IO decided to make this disguise “knowing that cattle are an alien abduction favorite,” at least according to a Hot Saucers mailing list message from the game character Mari.

The Inflate-A-Bull indeed resides on the player’s back and, once deployed, enables them to bounce and roll out of harm’s way. This is particularly useful when you need to get down a hill quickly, as rolling downhill happens much faster than running. Inflating the disguise will also immediately get rid of an unwanted alien parasite.

Of course, one must question how effective a cow disguise is when aliens are, according to the lore, actively drawn toward cattle. Epic notes this little issue, warning that Saucers may be more prone to eyeing players when they’re wearing the inflatable, but that ultimately the benefits it offers outweighs the abduction risk.

The disguise will also protect you from getting shot, but only once because the same shot will pop the suit, leaving you exposed and vulnerable. There is a waiting period after getting shot before you can deploy the disguise again, but if you manually deflate it instead, it’ll deploy much more rapidly the second time.

Unlike a previous leak that claimed you’d have to get the disguise from the Rick Sanchez AI characters, Epic notes that you’ll be able to get them from chests — both the small normal chests and the large IO crates.

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